Normally, any life threatening situation triggers off the STRESS RESPONSE. This response enables a person to act quickly and survive intense, short- term challenges, which require less rational thinking and fast reflexes. This is possibly the survival response inherited from our pre-civilization days. But today stressful response is triggered with many petty problems, our body ends up preparing for a survival situation. And then as these situations don’t come to an end, with a single confrontation, we remain in a perpetual state of stress. Stress is nothing more and nothing less than unbearable load to our mind an unwanted and unwelcome burden that the mind has not been used to cope with, and keep struggling to get rid of. Simply put, stress is a physiological cum psychological response to an environmental framework or situation that the person was not expecting.
What happens to our body during stress ?
During stress, the heart beats faster and blood pressure rises. The blood flow is diverted from the internal organs to the muscles as well as the areas of the brain that control muscle coordination. As a result, the brain releases chemicals that help the body cope better with injuries, including those that block pain and help the blood clot faster. All these symptoms lead to the feeling of being run down, tired and basically stressed.
Causes of Stress
Everyone has different stress triggers. Work stress tops the list, according to surveys. Forty percent of U.S. workers admit to experiencing office stress, and one-quarter say work is the biggest source of stress in their lives.
Causes of work stress include:
* Being unhappy in your job
* Having a heavy workload or too much responsibility
* Working long hours
* Having poor management, unclear expectations of your work, or no say in the decision-making process
* Working under dangerous conditions
* Being insecure about your chance for advancement or risk of termination
* Having to give speeches in front of colleagues
* Facing discrimination or harassment at work, especially if your company isn’t supportive
Life stresses can also have a big impact. Examples of life stresses are:
* The death of a loved one
* Loss of a job
* Increase in financial obligations
* Getting married
* Moving to a new home
* Chronic illness or injury
* Emotional problems (depression, anxiety, anger, grief, guilt, low self-esteem)
* Taking care of an elderly or sick family member
* Traumatic event, such as a natural disaster, theft, rape, or violence against you or a loved one.